|Topics||Brakes, Fluid Reservoir, Master Cylinder|
Brakes utlize friction to slow vehicle tires. Drum brakes employ a cast iron drum that roates with the vehicle axle. When hydraulic pressure is applied to the brake assemblies at the wheels, internal pistons expand and push brake shoes outward into contact with the brake drum slowing the rotation of the axle. More powerful disc brakes operate by pinching a rotating disc betweeen two brake pads and allow for a larger surface area to contact the disc, provide more force, and are more easily cooled.
The fluid reservoir stores the brake fluid that the master cylinder uses to maintain hydraulic pressure.
The master (brake) cylinder converts pressure on the brake pedal to hydraulic pressure in the brake lines.