General Science Matter Flash Card Set 840009

Cards 10
Focus Matter
Topics Acidity, Atom, Chemical Change, Compound, Element, Proton

Study Guide

Acidity

An acid is a substance that gives up positively charged hydrogen ions (H+) when dissolved in water. A base (alkaline) gives up negatively charged hydroxide ions (OH-) when dissolved in water. pH is a scale that measures of how basic or acidic a solution is. Numbered from 0 to 14, solutions with a pH of 7 are neutral, less than 7 are acidic, more than 7 are alkaline.

Atom

An atom is the smallest component of an element that still retains the properties of the element.

Chemical Change

During a chemical reaction molecules and atoms (reactants) are rearranged into new combinations that result in new kinds of atoms or molecules (products).

Compound

A compound is a substance containing two or more different chemical elements bound together by a chemical bond. In covalent compounds, electrons are shared between atoms. In ionic compounds, one atom borrows an electron from another atom resulting in two ions (electrically charged atoms) of opposite polarities that then become bonded electrostatically.

Element

An element is matter than cannot be separated into different types of matter by ordinary chemical methods.

Proton

A proton is a subatomic particle found in the nucleus of an atom. It carries a positive electric charge.