Question 1
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Speed skating is a competitive form of ice skating in which the competitors race each other in traveling a certain distance on skates. Types of speed skating are long track speed skating, short track speed skating, and marathon speed skating.

Short track speed skating takes place on a smaller rink, normally the size of an ice hockey rink. Distances are shorter than in long track racing, with the longest Olympic race being 3000 meters. Races are usually held as knockouts, with the best two in heats of four or five qualifying for the final race, where medals are awarded. Disqualifications and falls are not uncommon.

The sport originates from pack-style events held in North America and was officially sanctioned in the 1970s, becoming an Olympic sport in 1992. Although this form of speed skating is newer, it is growing faster than long track speed skating, largely because short track can be done on an ice hockey rink rather than a long-track oval.


What does the auther cite as the reason that short track speed skating is growing faster than long-track speed skating?

Short track speed skating is more exiting because of the shorter tracks and knockout race format.
Short track speed skating can be played in a more accessible venue.
Short track speed skating is more exiting due to frequent disqualifications and falls.
Short track speed skating is newer and appeals to younger skaters.