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Sample Practice Test Questions
Which of the following is not a function of the oil pan?
cools engine oil
The oil pan contains the engine oil reservoir of from four to six quarts of oil and feeds the oil pump through the oil pickup tube. An oil strainer floats at the top of the oil in the oil pan and screens debris from the oil before feeding it to the oil pump.
Which of these layers is found directly below the Earth's crust?
mantle
The crust is the Earth's outermost layer and is divided into oceanic and continental types. Oceanic crust is 3 miles (5 km) to 6 miles (10 km) thick and is composed primarily of denser rock. Continental crust is 20 to 30 miles (30 to 50 km) thick and composed primarily of less dense rock. The crust makes up approximately one percent of the Earth's total volume.
The angle of reflection is equal to which the following?
angle of incidence
The law of reflection specifies how waves, including light waves, bounce off of surfaces. Specifically, the angle of incidence of the approaching wave is equal to the angle of reflection of the reflected wave as measured from a line perpendicular (90°) to the surface.
The ampere is a unit of measurement for:
current
Current is the rate of flow of electrons per unit time and is measured in amperes (A). A coulomb (C) is the quantity of electricity conveyed in one second by a current of one ampere.
What is the next number in this sequence: 1, 7, 13, 19, 25, __________ ?
The equation for this sequence is:
a_{n} = a_{n-1} + 6
where n is the term's order in the sequence, a_{n} is the value of the term, and a_{n-1} is the value of the term before a_{n}. This makes the next number:
a_{6} = a_{5} + 6
a_{6} = 25 + 6
a_{6} = 31
Which of the following is metamorphic rock?
marble
The Earth's rocks fall into three categories based on how they're formed. Igneous rock (granite, basalt, obsidian) is formed from the hardening of molten rock (lava), sedimentary rock (shale, sandstone, coal) is formed by the gradual despositing and cementing of rock and other debris, and metamorphic rock (marble, slate, quartzite) which is formed when existing rock is altered though pressure, temperature, or chemical processes.
A bread recipe calls for 2\(\frac{1}{4}\) cups of flour. If you only have 1\(\frac{5}{8}\) cups, how much more flour is needed?
The amount of flour you need is (2\(\frac{1}{4}\) - 1\(\frac{5}{8}\)) cups. Rewrite the quantities so they share a common denominator and subtract:
(\( \frac{18}{8} \) - \( \frac{13}{8} \)) cups
\( \frac{5}{8} \) cups
\(\frac{5}{8}\) cups
The mechanical advantage of a wheel and axle is the input radius divided by the output radius:
MA = \( \frac{r_i}{r_o} \)
In this case, the input radius (where the effort force is being applied) is 6 and the output radius (where the resistance is being applied) is 5 for a mechanical advantage of \( \frac{6}{5} \) = 1.2
This tool is a(n) __________.
inside caliper
Calipers are similar to micrometers in shape but instead of measuring distances, calipers are used to transfer distances between objects. An outside caliper is used to transfer outside dimensions while an inside caliper is used to transfer inside distances. A vernier caliper is an extremely precise caliper (down to \({1 \over 1000}\) inch) that allows measuring / transferring either inside or outside dimensions.
The dimensions of this trapezoid are a = 4, b = 8, c = 7, d = 4, and h = 2. What is the area?
The area of a trapezoid is one-half the sum of the lengths of the parallel sides multiplied by the height:
a = ½(b + d)(h)
a = ½(8 + 4)(2)
a = ½(12)(2)
a = ½(24) = \( \frac{24}{2} \)
a = 12