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Sample Practice Test Questions
Which of the following receive signals from the powertrain control module (PCM) and carry out its instructions?
actuators
Actuators receive signals from the PCM and carry out adjustments needed based on the data the PCM received from the sensors.
What is \( 5 \)\( \sqrt{28} \) + \( 7 \)\( \sqrt{7} \)
To add these radicals together their radicands must be the same:
5\( \sqrt{28} \) + 7\( \sqrt{7} \)
5\( \sqrt{4 \times 7} \) + 7\( \sqrt{7} \)
5\( \sqrt{2^2 \times 7} \) + 7\( \sqrt{7} \)
(5)(2)\( \sqrt{7} \) + 7\( \sqrt{7} \)
10\( \sqrt{7} \) + 7\( \sqrt{7} \)
Now that the radicands are identical, you can add them together:
10\( \sqrt{7} \) + 7\( \sqrt{7} \)The watt is a unit of measurement for:
power
Electrical power is measured in watts (W) and is calculated by multiplying the voltage (V) applied to a circuit by the resulting current (I) that flows in the circuit: P = IV. In addition to measuring production capacity, power also measures the rate of energy consumption and many loads are rated for their consumption capacity. For example, a 60W lightbulb utilizes 60W of energy to produce the equivalent of 60W of heat and light energy.
The angle of reflection is equal to which the following?
angle of incidence
The law of reflection specifies how waves, including light waves, bounce off of surfaces. Specifically, the angle of incidence of the approaching wave is equal to the angle of reflection of the reflected wave as measured from a line perpendicular (90°) to the surface.
Which of the following is sedimentary rock?
sandstone
The Earth's rocks fall into three categories based on how they're formed. Igneous rock (granite, basalt, obsidian) is formed from the hardening of molten rock (lava), sedimentary rock (shale, sandstone, coal) is formed by the gradual despositing and cementing of rock and other debris, and metamorphic rock (marble, slate, quartzite) which is formed when existing rock is altered though pressure, temperature, or chemical processes.
Friction between two or more solid objects that are not moving relative to each other is called:
static friction
Static friction is friction between two or more solid objects that are not moving relative to each other. An example is the friction that prevents a box on a sloped surface from sliding farther down the surface.
The two heart chambers that pump blood called:
ventricles
The heart is the organ that drives the circulatory system. In humans, it consists of four chambers with two that collect blood called atria and two that pump blood called ventricles. The heart's valves prevent blood pumped out of the ventricles from flowing back into the heart.