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Sample Practice Test Questions
The conversion of alternating current (AC) into direct current (DC) is called:
A diode allows current to pass easily in one direction and blocks current in the other direction. Diodes are commonly used for rectification which is the conversion of alternating current (AC) into direct current (DC). Because a diode only allows current flow in one direction, it will pass either the upper or lower half of AC waves (half-wave rectification) creating pulsating DC. Multiple diodes can be connected together to utilize both halves of the AC signal in full-wave rectification.
Which of blood component allows blood to clot?
Blood is created in bone marrow and is made up of cells suspended in liquid plasma. Red blood cells carry oxygen, white blood cells fight infection, and platelets are cell fragments that allow blood to clot.
What's the first gear in a gear train called?
A gear train is two or more gears linked together. Gear trains are designed to increase or reduce the speed or torque outpout of a rotating system or change the direction of its output. The first gear in the chain is called the driver and the last gear in the chain the driven gear with the gears between them called idler gears.
The __________ nervous system controls voluntary actions.
Part of the peripheral nervous system, the somatic nervous system is made up of nerve fibers that send sensory information to the central nervous system and control voluntary actions.
All electricity is the movement of which subatomic particles?
All electricity is the movement of electrons which are subatomic particles that orbit the nucleus of an atom. Electrons occupy various energy levels called shells and how well an element enables the flow of electrons depends on how many electrons occupy its outer (valence) electron shell.
An inclined plane increases ___________ to reduce ____________.
An inclined plane is a simple machine that reduces the force needed to raise an object to a certain height. Work equals force x distance and, by increasing the distance that the object travels, an inclined plane reduces the force necessary to raise it to a particular height. In this case, the mechanical advantage is to make the task easier. An example of an inclined plane is a ramp.
Order the following types of angle from least number of degrees to most number of degrees.
acute, right, obtuse
An acute angle measures less than 90°, a right angle measures 90°, and an obtuse angle measures more than 90°.
Which of the following is not a purpose of a resistor in an electrical circuit?
multiply the current in the circuit
Resistors can be chosen in a wide variety of values to control the voltage in a circuit, limit the current, or moderate the heat produced by the components in the circuit.
You need to loosen a bolt in a hard to reach location. Which of the following wrenches would best suit this task?
Wrenches are used to provide grip and mechanical advantage by applying torque to turn objects (or to keep them from turning). The longer the wrench, the more torque that can be applied. Wrench ends are available in two primary types, open-end and box-end. A box-end wrench encloses the bolt head and is useful when more torque is needed or to maintain contact in difficult to reach locations. An open-end wrench is designed for speedily loosening easier to reach fasteners. Wrenches that feature one open and one box end are called combination wrenches and adjustable wrenches feature an open end with an adjustable width.
Which of the following statements about v-type cyllinder arrangement is false?
has an odd number of cylinders
A v-arrangement has two rows of cylinders in a V-shaped block with a crankshaft at the bottom of the V. Any even number of cylinders is possible in this configuration from the V-2 that's commonly used in motorcycles up to V-12 or bigger for large trucks. The V design produces a shorter engine than an in-line cylinder configuration and allows for better air-fuel distribution.