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Sample Practice Test Questions
What type of cloud is responsible for fog?
stratus
Clouds are categorized based on their shape, size, and altitude. Stratus clouds are low-altitude clouds characterized by horizontal layering with a broad flat base. When stratus clouds occur on the ground the result is fog.
The mechanical advantage of a gear train is its gear ratio. The gear ratio (V_{r}) is the product of the gear ratios between the pairs of meshed gears. Let N represent the number of teeth for each gear:
V_{r} = \( \frac{N_1}{N_2} \) \( \frac{N_2}{N_3} \) \( \frac{N_3}{N_4} \) ... \( \frac{N_n}{N_{n+1}} \)
In this problem, we have three gears so the equation becomes:
V_{r} = \( \frac{N_1}{N_2} \) \( \frac{N_2}{N_3} \) = \( \frac{24}{16} \) \( \frac{16}{4} \) = \( \frac{24}{4} \) = 6
Which of the following statements about a capacitor is false?
it is safe to touch a capacitor with your hands as long as it is small
The purpose of a capacitor is to retain electric charge and it will do so even after its input voltage is removed. After the input voltage is removed, the capacitor will slowly discharge but, depending on the size and characteristics of the capacitor, discharging could take from a few minutes to a few years. So, it's never safe to touch a capacitor with your hands and you should make sure to discharge any capacitors in a circuit before working on it using an appropriately high-wattage resistor or a capacitor discharge tool.
Which of the following is the formula for hydraulic pressure?
P = F/A
Hydraulics is the transmission of force through the use of liquids. Liquids are especially suited for transferring force in complex machines because they compress very little and can occupy very small spaces. Hydraulic pressure is calculated by dividing force by the area over which it is applied: P = F/A where F is force in pounds, A is area in square inches, and the resulting pressure is in pounds per square inch (psi).
A watt is the unit for which of the following?
power
Power is the rate at which work is done, P = w/t, or work per unit time. The watt (W) is the unit for power and is equal to 1 joule (or newton-meter) per second. Horsepower (hp) is another familiar unit of power used primarily for rating internal combustion engines. 1 hp equals 746 watts.
Ohm's law specifies the relationship between voltage (V), current (I), and resistance (R) in an electrical circuit: V = IR.
Solved for resistance, R = \( \frac{V}{I} \) = \( \frac{40}{2} \) = 20 Ω
You need to loosen a bolt in a hard to reach location. Which of the following wrenches would best suit this task?
box-end
Wrenches are used to provide grip and mechanical advantage by applying torque to turn objects (or to keep them from turning). The longer the wrench, the more torque that can be applied. Wrench ends are available in two primary types, open-end and box-end. A box-end wrench encloses the bolt head and is useful when more torque is needed or to maintain contact in difficult to reach locations. An open-end wrench is designed for speedily loosening easier to reach fasteners. Wrenches that feature one open and one box end are called combination wrenches and adjustable wrenches feature an open end with an adjustable width.