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Sample Practice Test Questions
Absolute zero is which of the following?
the coldest temperature possible in the universe
In contrast to the Celsius scale (measured in degrees centigrade) that fixes 0° at the freezing point of water and the Fahrenheit scale that uses 32°, the Kelvin scale fixes 0 at absolute zero (-273°C) which is the lowest temperature possible in the universe.
Which of the following substances gives up negatively charged hydroxide ions (OH^{-}) when dissolved in water?
base
An acid is a substance that gives up positively charged hydrogen ions (H^{+}) when dissolved in water. A base (alkaline) gives up negatively charged hydroxide ions (OH^{-}) when dissolved in water. pH is a scale that measures of how basic or acidic a solution is. Numbered from 0 to 14, solutions with a pH of 7 are neutral, less than 7 are acidic, more than 7 are alkaline.
A right angle measures:
90°
A right angle measures 90 degrees and is the intersection of two perpendicular lines. In diagrams, a right angle is indicated by a small box completing a square with the perpendicular lines.
In the pancreas, lipase converts fat to:
glycerol and fatty acids
The acids produced by the pancreas contain several enzymes that aid in digestion. Lipase converts fat to glycerol and fatty acids. Pancreatic amylase breaks down complex carbohydrates into simple sugars. Trypsin converts polypeptides (the building blocks of protein) into amino acids.
Which of the following is related to the Cambrian Explosion?
fossil record
The Cambrian period is one of the most significant geological time periods. Lasting about 53 million years, it marked a dramatic burst of changes in life on Earth known as the Cambrian Explosion. It is from this period that the majority of the history of life on Earth, as documented by fossils, is found. Called the fossil record, the layering of these mineralized imprints of organisms preserved in sedementary rock have allowed geologists to build a historical record of plant and animal life on Earth.
Depending on where you apply effort and resistance, the wheel and axle can multiply:
force or speed
If you apply the resistance to the axle and the effort to the wheel, the wheel and axle will multiply force and if you apply the resistance to the wheel and the effort to the axle, it will multiply speed.
Which of the following statements about exponents is false?
b^{1} = 1
A number with an exponent (b^{e}) consists of a base (b) raised to a power (e). The exponent indicates the number of times that the base is multiplied by itself. A base with an exponent of 1 equals the base (b^{1} = b) and a base with an exponent of 0 equals 1 ( (b^{0} = 1).
Which of the following is a mixed number?
\(1 {2 \over 5} \)
A rational number (or fraction) is represented as a ratio between two integers, a and b, and has the form \({a \over b}\) where a is the numerator and b is the denominator. An improper fraction (\({5 \over 3} \)) has a numerator with a greater absolute value than the denominator and can be converted into a mixed number (\(1 {2 \over 3} \)) which has a whole number part and a fractional part.