Questions | 5 |

Topics | Adding & Subtracting Fractions, Distributive Property - Multiplication, Least Common Multiple, Multiplying & Dividing Fractions, Percentages |

Fractions must share a **common denominator** in order to be added or subtracted. The common denominator is the least common multiple of all the denominators.

The distributive property for multiplication helps in solving expressions like a(b + c). It specifies that the result of multiplying one number by the sum or difference of two numbers can be obtained by multiplying each number individually and then totaling the results: a(b + c) = ab + ac. For example, 4(10-5) = (4 x 10) - (4 x 5) = 40 - 20 = 20.

The least common multiple (LCM) is the smallest positive integer that is a multiple of two or more integers.

To multiply fractions, multiply the numerators together and then multiply the denominators together. To divide fractions, invert the second fraction (get the reciprocal) and multiply it by the first.

Percentages are ratios of an amount compared to 100. The percent change of an old to new value is equal to 100% x \({ new - old \over old }\).