Questions | 5 |

Topics | Current, Direct Current (DC), Inductors, Ohm's Law |

Current is the rate of flow of electrons per unit time and is measured in **amperes** (A). A **coulomb** (C) is the quantity of electricity conveyed in one second by a current of one ampere.

Direct current flows in only one direction in a circuit, from the negative terminal of the voltage source to the positive. A common source of direct current (DC) is a battery.

An inductor is coiled wire that stores electric energy in the form of magnetic energy and resists changes in the electric current flowing through it. If current is increasing, the inductor produces a voltage that slows the increase and, if current is decreasing, the magnetic energy in the coil opposes the decrease to keep the current flowing longer. In contrast to capacitors, inductors allow DC to pass easily but resist the flow of AC.

Ohm's law specifies the relationship between voltage (V), current (I), and resistance (R) in an electrical circuit: **V = IR**.