Questions | 5 |

Topics | Current, Integrated Circuits, Ohm's Law, Transformers, Voltage |

Current is the rate of flow of electrons per unit time and is measured in **amperes** (A). A **coulomb** (C) is the quantity of electricity conveyed in one second by a current of one ampere.

Circuits containing transistors are packaged into **integrated circuit** chips that allow encapsulating complex circuit designs (CPU, memory, I/O) for easier integration into electronic devices and machines.

Ohm's law specifies the relationship between voltage (V), current (I), and resistance (R) in an electrical circuit: **V = IR**.

A transformer utilizes an inductor to increase or decrease the voltage in a circuit. AC flowing in a coil wrapped around an iron core magnetizes the core causing it to produce a magnetic field. This magnetic field generates a voltage in a nearby coil of wire and, depending on the number of turns in the wire of the **primary** (source) and **secondary** coils and their proximity, voltage is induced in the secondary coil.

Voltage (V) is the electrical potential difference between two points. Electrons will flow as current from areas of high potential (concentration of electrons) to areas of low potential. Voltage and current are directly proportional in that the higher the voltage applied to a conductor the higher the current that will result.