Questions | 5 |

Topics | Alternating Current (AC), Battery Configurations, Direct Current (DC), Resistance, Voltage |

In contrast to the constant one-way flow of direct current, alternating current changes direction many times each second. Electricity is delivered from power stations to customers as AC because it provides a more efficient way to transport electricity over long distances.

Batteries can be connected together in various combinations to increase their total voltage and/or total current. Connecting batteries in **series** combines their voltage while keeping their current the same, connecting batteries in **parallel** combines their current while keeping their voltage the same, and using a **series-parallel** configuration, half the batteries can be connected in series and half in parallel to combine both voltage and current.

Direct current flows in only one direction in a circuit, from the negative terminal of the voltage source to the positive. A common source of direct current (DC) is a battery.

Resistance is opposition to the flow of current and is measured in **ohms** (Ω). One ohm is defined as the amount of resistance that will allow one ampere of current to flow if one volt of voltage is applied. As resistance increases, current decreases as resistance and current are inversely proportional.

Voltage (V) is the electrical potential difference between two points. Electrons will flow as current from areas of high potential (concentration of electrons) to areas of low potential. Voltage and current are directly proportional in that the higher the voltage applied to a conductor the higher the current that will result.