|Topics||Cell Division, Decomposers, Somatic Nervous System, Stomach, Traits|
Cell division is the process by which cells replicate genetic material in the nucleus. Cell division consists of several phases:
|interphase||chromosomes replicate into chromatids and the cell grows|
|prophase||chromatids pair up|
|metaphase||paired chromatids move to opposite sides of the cell|
|anaphase||cell elongates and nucleus begins to separate|
|telophase||separation of nucleus is complete resulting in two new nuclei|
|cytokinesis||cytoplasm and cell membranes complete their separation resulting in two separate cells|
Decomposers (saprotrophs) are organisms such as bacteria and fungi that break down the organic matter in the dead bodies of plants and animals into simple nutrients.
Part of the peripheral nervous system, the somatic nervous system is made up of nerve fibers that send sensory information to the central nervous system and control voluntary actions.
Food is mixed with gastric acid and pepsin in the stomach to help break down protein.
The traits represented by genes are inherited independently of each other (one from the male and one from the female gamete) and a trait can be dominant or recessive. A dominant trait will be expressed when paired with a recessive trait while two copies of a recessive trait (one from each parent) must be present for the recessive trait to be expressed.