General Science Motion Flash Card Set 715587

 Cards 10 Focus Motion Topics Acceleration, Momentum, Vectors, Velocity

Study Guide

Acceleration

Acceleration is the rate of change of velocity per unit of time. In physics, the delta symbol ($$\Delta$$) represents change so the formula for acceleration becomes $$\vec{a} = { \Delta \vec{v} \over t }$$

Momentum

Momentum is a measure of how difficult it is for a moving object to stop and is calculated by multiplying the object's mass by its velocity: $$\vec{p} = m\vec{v}$$. Like velocity, momentum is a vector quantity as it expresses force applied in a specific direction.

Vectors

Velocity and displacement are vector quantities which means each is fully described by both a magnitude and a direction. In contrast, scalar quantities are quantities that are fully described by a magnitude only. A variable indicating a vector quantity will often be shown with an arrow symbol: $$\vec{v}$$

Velocity

Velocity is the rate at which an object changes position. Rate is measured in time and position is measured in displacement so the formula for velocity becomes $$\vec{v} = { \vec{d} \over t }$$