Cards | 10 |

Topics | Angles Around Lines & Points, Classifications, Cylinders, Rectangle & Square, Triangle Classification, Triangle Geometry |

Angles around a line add up to 180°. Angles around a point add up to 360°. When two lines intersect, adjacent angles are **supplementary** (they add up to 180°) and angles across from either other are **vertical** (they're equal).

A **monomial** contains one term, a **binomial** contains two terms, and a **polynomial** contains more than two terms. **Linear** expressions have no exponents. A **quadratic** expression contains variables that are squared (raised to the exponent of 2).

A cylinder is a solid figure with straight parallel sides and a circular or oval cross section with a radius (r) and a height (h). The **volume** of a cylinder is π r^{2}h and the **surface area** is 2(π r^{2}) + 2π rh.

A rectangle is a parallelogram containing four right angles. Opposite sides (a = c, b = d) are equal and the perimeter is the sum of the lengths of all sides (a + b + c + d) or, comonly, 2 x length x width. The area of a rectangle is length x width. A **square** is a rectangle with four equal length sides. The perimeter of a square is 4 x length of one side (4s) and the area is the length of one side squared (s^{2}).

An **isosceles** triangle has two sides of equal length. An **equilateral** triangle has three sides of equal length. In a **right** triangle, two sides meet at a right angle.

A triangle is a three-sided polygon. It has three interior angles that add up to 180° (a + b + c = 180°). An exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the two interior angles that are opposite (d = b + c). The **perimeter** of a triangle is equal to the sum of the lengths of its three sides, the **height** of a triangle is equal to the length from the **base** to the opposite **vertex** (angle) and the **area** equals one-half triangle base x height: a = ½ base x height.