Cards | 10 |

Topics | Angles Around Lines & Points, Classifications, Cylinders, Line Segment, Multiplying Binomials, Parallel Lines, Quadrilateral, Right Angle |

Angles around a line add up to 180°. Angles around a point add up to 360°. When two lines intersect, adjacent angles are **supplementary** (they add up to 180°) and angles across from either other are **vertical** (they're equal).

A **monomial** contains one term, a **binomial** contains two terms, and a **polynomial** contains more than two terms. **Linear** expressions have no exponents. A **quadratic** expression contains variables that are squared (raised to the exponent of 2).

A cylinder is a solid figure with straight parallel sides and a circular or oval cross section with a radius (r) and a height (h). The **volume** of a cylinder is π r^{2}h and the **surface area** is 2(π r^{2}) + 2π rh.

A line segment is a portion of a line with a measurable length. The **midpoint** of a line segment is the point exactly halfway between the endpoints. The midpoint **bisects** (cuts in half) the line segment.

To multiply binomials, use the FOIL method. FOIL stands for **F**irst, **O**utside, **I**nside, **L**ast and refers to the position of each term in the parentheses.

Parallel lines are lines that share the same slope (steepness) and therefore never intersect. A **transversal** occurs when a set of parallel lines are crossed by another line. All of the angles formed by a transversal are called **interior** angles and angles in the same position on different parallel lines equal each other (a° = w°, b° = x°, c° = z°, d° = y°) and are called **corresponding** angles. Alternate interior angles are equal (a° = z°, b° = y°, c° = w°, d° = x°) and all acute angles (a° = c° = w° = z°) and all obtuse angles (b° = d° = x° = y°) equal each other. Same-side interior angles are supplementary and add up to 180° (e.g. a° + d° = 180°, d° + c° = 180°).

A quadrilateral is a shape with four sides. The **perimeter** of a quadrilateral is the sum of the lengths of its four sides (a + b + c + d).

A right angle measures 90 degrees and is the intersection of two **perpendicular** lines. In diagrams, a right angle is indicated by a small box completing a square with the perpendicular lines.