Cards | 10 |

Topics | Calculations, Classifications, Cubes, Cylinders, Dimensions, Line Segment, Pythagorean Theorem, Rectangle & Square, Triangle Geometry |

The **circumference** of a circle is the distance around its perimeter and equals π (approx. 3.14159) x diameter: c = π d. The **area** of a circle is π x (radius)^{2} : a = π r^{2}.

A **monomial** contains one term, a **binomial** contains two terms, and a **polynomial** contains more than two terms. **Linear** expressions have no exponents. A **quadratic** expression contains variables that are squared (raised to the exponent of 2).

A cube is a rectangular solid box with a height (h), length (l), and width (w). The **volume** is h x l x w and the **surface area** is 2lw x 2wh + 2lh.

A cylinder is a solid figure with straight parallel sides and a circular or oval cross section with a radius (r) and a height (h). The **volume** of a cylinder is π r^{2}h and the **surface area** is 2(π r^{2}) + 2π rh.

A circle is a figure in which each point around its perimeter is an equal distance from the center. The **radius** of a circle is the distance between the center and any point along its perimeter (AC, CB, CD). A **chord** is a line segment that connects any two points along its perimeter (AB, AD, BD). The **diameter** of a circle is the length of a chord that passes through the center of the circle (AB) and equals twice the circle's radius (2r).

A line segment is a portion of a line with a measurable length. The **midpoint** of a line segment is the point exactly halfway between the endpoints. The midpoint **bisects** (cuts in half) the line segment.

The Pythagorean theorem defines the relationship between the side lengths of a right triangle. The length of the **hypotenuse** squared (c^{2}) is equal to the sum of the two perpendicular sides squared (a^{2} + b^{2}): c^{2 }= a^{2} + b^{2} or, solved for c, \(c = \sqrt{a + b}\)

A rectangle is a parallelogram containing four right angles. Opposite sides (a = c, b = d) are equal and the perimeter is the sum of the lengths of all sides (a + b + c + d) or, comonly, 2 x length x width. The area of a rectangle is length x width. A **square** is a rectangle with four equal length sides. The perimeter of a square is 4 x length of one side (4s) and the area is the length of one side squared (s^{2}).

A triangle is a three-sided polygon. It has three interior angles that add up to 180° (a + b + c = 180°). An exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the two interior angles that are opposite (d = b + c). The **perimeter** of a triangle is equal to the sum of the lengths of its three sides, the **height** of a triangle is equal to the length from the **base** to the opposite **vertex** (angle) and the **area** equals one-half triangle base x height: a = ½ base x height.