Questions | 5 |

Focus | Polygons |

Topics | Pythagorean Theorem, Quadrilateral, Trapezoid, Triangle Classification, Triangle Geometry |

Question Type | Questions |

The Pythagorean theorem defines the relationship between the side lengths of a right triangle. The length of the **hypotenuse** squared (c^{2}) is equal to the sum of the two perpendicular sides squared (a^{2} + b^{2}): c^{2 }= a^{2} + b^{2} or, solved for c, \(c = \sqrt{a + b}\)

A quadrilateral is a shape with four sides. The **perimeter** of a quadrilateral is the sum of the lengths of its four sides (a + b + c + d).

A trapezoid is a quadrilateral with one set of parallel sides. The area of a trapezoid is one-half the sum of the lengths of the parallel sides multiplied by the height. In this diagram, that becomes ½(b + d)(h).

An **isosceles** triangle has two sides of equal length. An **equilateral** triangle has three sides of equal length. In a **right** triangle, two sides meet at a right angle.

A triangle is a three-sided polygon. It has three interior angles that add up to 180° (a + b + c = 180°). An exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the two interior angles that are opposite (d = b + c). The **perimeter** of a triangle is equal to the sum of the lengths of its three sides, the **height** of a triangle is equal to the length from the **base** to the opposite **vertex** (angle) and the **area** equals one-half triangle base x height: a = ½ base x height.